You get nauseous. Well, you’re pregnant.
And now you have morning sickness.
Well, it makes sense, yes. But are you sure it’s what you really have? Well, just to be safe, here are a few health conditions that you need to know about that may be masquerading as morning sickness.
Just what could some of these health issues be? Well, for starters the symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum are similar to the side effects when an individual takes too much of some medications. Naturally, then, he’ll look to see if you have any of those types of medications in your symptoms.
But the symptoms may also mimic those indicating problems with liver and gastrointestinal disorders as well, including ulcers, appendicitis and food poisoning.
But wait. Those are not the only potential serious health conditions he needs to rule out. He will want to make sure your problems aren’t caused by migraine headaches or any type of metabolic disorders, including hyperthyroidism, diabetic ketoacidosis, or Addison disease.
And then, he’ll make sure that you don’t have preeclampsia. This condition, which is extremely toxic, develops late in a woman’s pregnancy. Causing a sudden spike in your blood pressure, preeclampsia, also carries with it the symptoms of fluid build-up, albumin in your urine, severe headaches as well as disturbances in your sight.
Once these other health issues have been eliminated — and only then — will your health care provider be able to say with any certainty your symptoms are due to hyperemesis gravidarum.
As part of the diagnosis, your doctor will have you, undoubtedly, provide a urine sample. From this, he’ll have the laboratory examine it for the presence of what are known as ketones. This is a chemical that will be present if your system is experiencing dehydration.
In addition, he’ll check for a possible imbalance in your electrolyte levels — another indicator that you may be dehydrated — as well as examining the functioning of your liver and your blood sugar.
Similarly, depending on how many weeks into your pregnancy you are, your physician may also check on your baby’s heartbeat using either a Doppler instrument or an ultrasound.
Once the diagnosis of hyperemesis gravidarum is made, then your health care provider can begin to treat you. But, this may surprise you. His range of treatment is limited as you’re about to see.
If you’re severely dehydrated at the time of the diagnosis — or at any time throughout the course of the condition — your physician may opt to place you on intravenous fluids. This will hydrate your body and hopefully you then have a chance at keeping it at this level for a while.